Cooperative Phenomena in Soft Matter (2005-2007)|
Soft matter systems have remarkable and complex properties ranging from the segregation of shaken granular matter and the jamming of colloids to the folding of proteins and the biological function of vesicles and membranes. We used tools of statistical mechanics, kinetic theory, non-equilibrium transport, classical elasticity theory, and quantum dynamics to explore collective phenomena of soft matter. Applications in real world materials include granular kinetics and dense granular flows, the statistical hydrodynamics of fluid turbulence, geometric and topological constraints in vesicles and membranes, polyelectrolyte assemblies, soft-hard interfaces, structure-geometry-function relationships in macromolecules, ultrafast spectroscopy in self-assembled structures, localization in bio-molecules, single molecule dynamics and the behavior of molecular machines. This work has programmatic applications in many areas of materials science including in applications of polymer coatings, high explosives packing, chem-bio threat reduction, and hard- soft interface electronics. An interdisciplinary approach combines experiment, numerics and theory across boundaries of physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics. There was particular emphasis in the following areas:
- Energy landscapes in macromolecules
- Colloids, vesicles, membranes
- Dynamics of granular materials
- Statistical hydrodynamics
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