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Monday, March 20, 2017
3:00 PM - 4:00 PM
CNLS Conference Room (TA-3, Bldg 1690)

Colloquium

Topological Crystals: as a new paradigm

Satoshi Tanda
Hokkaido University, Sapporo

We report the discovery of Mobius, Figure-8, Hopf-link Crystals in NbSe3[1,2]. We reveal their formation mechanisms of which two crucial components are the spherical selenium (Se) droplet, which a NbSe3 fiber wraps around due to surface tension, and the monoclinic (P2(1)/m) crystal symmetry inherent in NbSe3, which induces a twist in the strip when bent. Our crystals provide a non-fictitious topological Mobius world governed by a non-trivial real-space topology. We classified these topological crystals as an bridge between condensed matter physics and mathematics using concept of embedding. Moreover, we have investigated physical properties on the loop CDW systems. We discovered results by measurement of topological Ahoronov-Bohm interference effect of CDW, Shapiro steps utilizing high-frequency resistance, , and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. We will introduce a new perspective from these results of topological crystals studies[3,4,5].

Host: Avadh Saxena