Thursday, June 09, 201612:30 PM - 1:30 PMT-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Bldg 123 Room 121)|
Universal decoherence due to gravitational time dilation
Igor PikovskiHarvard University
The absence of quantum behavior on macroscopic scales is usually attributed to decoherence -- the suppression of quantum superpositions due to interaction with an environment. Here we show that time dilation provides a universal decoherence mechanism for any complex system. The effect takes place even for isolated, composite particles that do not interact with any external environment and causes decoherence of position and momentum of the center of mass of the system. While time dilation is very weak on earth, it is already sufficient to decohere gram-scale objects and complex molecules. The results show that novel phenomena arise at the interplay between quantum theory and general relativity even in the low energy limit. Possible experimental verifications of the effect are briefly discussed.
Host: Sebastian Deffner