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Monday, October 04, 2010
3:00 PM - 4:00 PM
CNLS Conference Room (TA-3, Bldg 1690)


Crackling noise of crumbling materials: a progress report

Ekhard Salje

The criteria of elastic instabilities of solids are understood for 50 years, the physical nature of the elastic collapse for 20 years. We just start to understand the dynamics of such instabilities, in particular in first order transitions. I will show that continuous front propagation (solitons) is virtually always superimposed by jerks and avalanches which give rise to 'crackling noise'. Continuous measurements ignore this contribution while acoustic emission measurements are blind towards the continuous front propagation. I will show that even defect free ferroelastic crystals show crackling noise because jamming by twin boundaries leads to avalanche type progression of transformation fronts. Elastic softening is also observed in metamict materials such as CaTiSiO5 where dynamic softening overcompensates static hardening. This is a progress report of some projects undertaken with colleagues at LANL.

Host: Bob Ecke,, 7-6733