Thursday, October 22, 200912:30 PM - 1:30 PMT-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Bldg 123, Room 121)|
Quantum-Limited Measurements: From Dark Matter to Qubits
Darin KinionLawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Like all measurement devices, the linear microwave amplifier is subject to the Heisenberg Uncertainty relation. As a result, noise-free amplification is impossible and there is a minimum noise temperature which such an amplifier can achieve. This Standard Quantum Limit, corresponding to a noise temperature of 50 mK at 1 GHz, is an order-of-magnitude lower than the noise temperature of state-of-the-art GaAs HEMTs. We have developed a new type of microwave amplifier based on a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) which has a noise temperature within 20% of the SQL. This has opened the door to a range of experiments exploring the fundamentals of measurement as well as dramatically improving existing experiments. I will describe a couple of applications for the quantum-limited amplifier: a search for dark-matter axions underway at LLNL and an effort to perform fast readout of superconducting qubits to explore the dynamics of quantum mechanical systems.
Host: Gennady Berman