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Monday, December 15, 2008
3:00 PM - 4:00 PM
CNLS Conference Room (TA-3, Bldg 1690)


Stochastic geometry in nature: fractals and multifractals and how to study them

Ilya Gruzberg
University of Chicago

Complex fractal shapes have been fascinating scientists for a long time. One class of such patterns appears at critical points in equilibrium statistical mechanics (Ising spin clusters or percolation clusters). Another class is represented by clusters dynamically grown far from equilibrium, including diffusion-limited aggregates, dielectric breakdown patterns and the like. These two types of patterns are similar in their complexity, but the level of our understanding of them is dramatically different in the two cases. A recent mathematical breakthrough (recognized in 2006 by a Fields medal) termed the Schramm- (or stochastic) Loewner evolution (SLE), may provide us with a conceptual framework for description of both types of complex patterns in two dimensions. In my talk I will review this recent development and its possible generalizations and applications to such diverse physical problems as turbulence, spin glasses, quantum chaos, deposition growth, and quantum Hall effects.

Host: Razvan Teodorescu, T-CNLS