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Conference Proceedings (Abstracts)

Monday, February 19, 2007


Session 1: Measurement and Analysis I

Session Chair: Garrett Kenyon and Luis Bettencourt


8:00-8:05            Welcome from Robert Ecke, CNLS Center Director

8:05-8:10            Welcome from Robert Duncan, Institute for Advanced Studies

8:10-8:25            Introduction by Tom Bowles, NM Science Advisor

8:25-8:30            Introduction of Keynote Speaker by Garrett Kenyon

8:30-9:10            David Van Essen (Washington University & Society for Neuroscience President)

Neural Circuits and Neural Computation: A Systems-level Perspective

9:10-9:50            Apostolos Georgopoulos (University of Minnesota)

Encoding Information in Neurons, Encoding it from Neuronal Populations

9:50-10:00            Poster Previews

10:00-10:15            Break

10:15-10:55            Rob de Ruyter van Steveninck (University of Indiana)

Insect Vision: Physical Constraints in Natural Information Processing

10:55-11:35            William Bialek (Princeton University)

Searching for Principles, and Letting the Data Guide Us

11:35-12:00            Grand Challenges Panel Discussion



Session 2: Theory, Modeling, and Applications I

Session Chair: Henry Abarbanel


1:30-2:10            Henry Abarbanel (University of California at San Diego)

            The Threefold Way in Computational Neuroscience

2:10-2:50            Roger Traub (SUNY Downstate Medical Center)

The Critical Role of Electrical Coupling in the Generation of Population Oscillations in Neocortex, at Frequencies from <1 Hz to >100 Hz

2:50-3:30            Reza Shadmehr (Johns Hopkins University)

Internal Models, Adaptation, and the Timescales of Memory

3:30-3:45            Break

3:45-4:25            Sebastian Seung (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Toward a New Science of Connectomics

4:25-5:05            Kenneth Miller (Columbia University)

Understanding Cortical Circuits

5:05-5:30            Grand Challenges Panel Discussion






7:30-9:30            Banquet

8:30-9:10            C. Randy Gallistel (Rutgers University)

Memory and the Computational Brain

Tuesday, February 20, 2007


Session 3: Theory, Modeling, and Applications II

Session Chair: John Hopfield


8:15-8:20            Introduction of Keynote Speaker

8:20-9:00            John Hopfield (Princeton University & American Physical Society President)

Assorted Problems

9:00-9:40            Yann LeCun (New York University)

Can a Single Learning Algorithm Build the Visual Cortex? The Challenges of Training an Artificial Vision System

9:40-10:20            Steven W. Zucker (Yale University)

Principles of Computational Abstraction for Visual Cortex

10:20-10:35            Break

10:35-10:55            Poster Previews

10:55-11:35            David McCormick (University of California at Berkeley)

Cortical Networks: From Subcellular Processes to Models

11:35-12:00            Grand Challenges Panel Discussion



Session 4: Measurement and Analysis II

Session Chair: Yoshio Okada


1:30-2:10            Gilles Laurent (California Institute of Technology)

Circuit Dynamics, Synaptic Learning Rules and Computation in an Olfactory System

2:10-2:50            E.J. Chichilnisky (Salk Institute)

Ensemble Coding of Visual Motion in the Primate Retina and Its Readout in the Brain

2:50-3:30            Israel Nelken (Hebrew University)

Grand Challenges in Auditory Research

3:30-3:45            Break

3:45-4:25            Charles Gray (University of Montana)

Distributed Processing in the Cerebral Cortex: How Can We Get the Data to Ask the Questions?

4:25-5:05            Jack Gallant (University of California at Berkeley)

Discovering the Neural Code for Vision

5:05-5:30            Grand Challenges Panel Discussion



Posters and Reception


7:00-8:30            Reception

7:30-10:30            Contributed Posters

Wednesday, February 21, 2007


Session 5: Theory, Modeling, and Applications III

Session Chair: John George and Ilya Nemenman


8:00-8:40            Yang Dan (University of California at Berkeley)

Visual Cortical Coding of Natural Stimuli

8:40-9:20            Guenter W. Gross (University of North Texas)

Nerve Cell Networks on Microelectrode Arrays: Platforms for Investigations of Neuronal Dynamics Underlying Information Processing

9:20-10:00            Kwabena Boahen (Stanford University)

Neurogrid: Emulating a Million Neurons in the Cortex

10:00-10:20            Break

10:20-11:00            Sara Solla (Northwestern University)

Decoding Neural Signals for the Control of Movement

11:00-11:40            Charles F. Stevens (Salk Institute)

Design Principles that Endow the Brain with a Scalable Architecture

11:40-12:05            Grand Challenges Panel Discussion

12:00-12:05            Main Workshop Adjourns


Session 6: Neuroscience in New Mexico

Session Chair: Chris Wood


1:30-1:40             Rob Duncan (Director of Institute for Advanced Studies)

1:40-1:50            Dan Savage (University of New Mexico)

1:50-2:00            Claudia Tesche (University of New Mexico)

                        Imaging Associative Neural Plasticity in Man

2:00-2:10            Elba Serrano (New Mexico State University)

2:10-2:20            Chaouki Abdallah (University of New Mexico)

2:20-2:35            Yoshio Okada (BRAIN)

                        Neuroimaging Research at the BRAIN Imaging Center

2:20-2:35            Yoshio Okada (BRAIN)

Origins of Macroscopic Electrical and Magnetic Signals from the Brain: Theoretical and Experimental Analyses

2:35-2:45            Wolfgang Mueller (BRAIN)

                        Presynaptic Plasticity of Vesicle Turnover and Short-term Plasticity

2:45-3:00            Break

3:00-3:10            John Rasure (MIND)

                        Overview of the MIND Research Network

3:10-3:20            Michael Weisend (MIND)

The Challenge of Pooling Neuroimaging Data across Different Laboratories: A Pilot Investigation with MEG

3:20-3:30            Vince Clark (MIND)

                        Brain Networks in Learning and Mental Illness

3:30-3:40            Rex Jung (MIND/Sandia)

                        NS2: Neuroscience for National Security

3:40-3:50            Danny Rintoul (Sandia)

                        Big Computing & Neuroscience: Where is the low-hanging fruit?

3:50-4:00            Ann Speed (Sandia)

4:00-4:15            Break

4:15-4:25            David Sharp (LANL)

                        Neuroscience at Los Alamos

4:25-4:35            John George (LANL)

                        Dynamic Mapping and Imaging of Neural Population Function

4:35-4:45            Garrett Kenyon (LANL)

                        Analysis of multiunit data: Getting more from each spike

4:45-5:00            Chris Wood (Santa Fe Institute)

Poster Session



1            Andrea Benucci (Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute)

            Persistent Population Activity in Primary Visual Cortex

2            Tim Blanche (UC Berkeley, Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience)

            Spike Timing Precision and the Influence of Cortical Dynamics

4            Garrett Kenyon (LANL, P21)

            Evidence for Extreme Synergy in a Retinal Code

5            Sean Escola (Columbia University)

HMMs Applied Toward the Inference of Neural States and the Improved Estimation

of Linear RFs

6            Kilian Koepsell (UC Berkeley)

            Retinal Oscillations Carry Visual Information to Cortex

7            Stephanie Palmer (Princeton University)

            Predictive Information in Simultaneously Recorded Retinal Ganglion Cells

8            Greg Schwartz (Princeton University)

            Synchronized Firing among Retinal Ganglion Cells Signals Motion Reversal

9            Aonan Tang (Indiana University, Bloomington)

A Second-order Maximum Entropy Model Predicts Correlated Network States, but Not Their Evolution Over Time 

10            Ilya Nemenman (LANL)

Neural Coding of a Natural Stimulus Ensemble: Uncovering Information at Sub–millisecond Resolution

11            Florin Chirila (University of West Virginia, School of Medicine)

            Development of Temporal Delayed Sensitivity In MSO Neurons 

12            Michael Ham (University of North Texas)

Comparison of Stimulation Efficacy in Vitro Using Naturally and Artificially Generated Patterns

13            Joseph Jun (Princeton University)

Development of Neural Circuitry for Precise Temporal Sequences Through Spontaneous Activity, Axon Remodeling, and Synaptic Plasticity

15            Olaf H.-U. Schroeder (NeuroProof GmbH)

            Dynamics of Neuronal Microcircuits – Recent Empirical Observations

16            Nachum Ulanovsky (University of Maryland)

The Comparative Challenge to Neural Computation, and the Need to Find Across-species Invariants: A Case Study of Hippocampal Activity in Freely-moving Echolocating Bats

17            Rhonda Dzakpasu (University of Michigan)

Causal Entropy as a Measure of Temporal Relationships and Direction of Information Transfer in Neural Systems

18            Robert Haslinger (Harvard-Martinos Center for Biological Imaging)

            The Computational Structure of Spike Trains

19            Christopher Honey (Indiana University, Bloomington)

The Network Structure of Cerebral Cortex Influences Functional Connectivity Patterns on Multiple Time Scales

20            James Rebesco (Northwestern University)

            Analysis of Functional Connectivity in Large-scale Network Models 

21            Luis Bettencourt (LANT, T7)

Identification and Dynamics of Functional Cell Modules in Dissociated Neural Networks

22            Stephanie Jones (MGH Martinos Center For Biomedical Imaging)

Neural Correlates of Tactile Detection: Combined MEG and Biophysically Based Computational Modeling Study 

23            Krastan Blagoev (LANL, T10)

Stimulus Induced Changes in the Intra-cortical Magnetic Field: Theory and Detection Using MR Spectroscopy

24            John George (LANL, P21)

Lateral Interactions in Outer Retina Disclosed by High Resolution Dynamic Optical Imaging of Neural Activation

25            H. Jeremy Bockholt (MIND)

The MIND Clinical Imaging Consortium as a Case Study for Novel Neuroinformatics Tools to Support Multi-institutional Heterogeneous Psychiatric Research Studies

27            Wolfgang Müller (University of New Mexico)           

Dynamics of Vesicle Turnover in Mature Presynaptic Terminals in Acute Brain Slice

28            Jeremy Lewi (Georgia Tech)

An Efficient Algorithm for Sequential Optimal Design of Neurophysiology Experiments

29            John Pearson (LANL)

            The Principle of Corresponding States for Multimeric Ion Channels

30            Thimo Rohlf            (Santa Fe Institute)

Topological Self-organization and Critical Dynamics of Input-driven Neural Threshold Networks

31            Per Danzl (UC Santa Barbara)

Partial Phase Synchronization of Uncoupled Populations: An Application of Phase Reduction Methods

32            Marc’Aurelio Ranzato (Courant Institute – New York University)

            Learning Sparse and Invariant Features Hierarchies

33            Dirk B. Walther (Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

            Modeling Attention to Proto-objects in Natural Scenes

34            Greg Stephens (Princeton University)

            Dimensionality and Dynamics in the Motor Behavior of C. Elegans

35            Bruce Wheeler (University of Illinois)

            Building a Brain on a Chip

36            Gennady Berman (LANL, T13)

Finding Correlations Using Frequent Patterns Analysis: Application to Neuroimaging Data