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Cool Movies

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Energy migration in light-harvesting dendrimer

movie_Galindo_et_al

Evolution of the transition density (aka excited state wavefunction) after absorption of the light-quantum modeled with the NA-ESMD code illustrating light-harvesting function of a large dendrite. For more details see:

 

J.F. Galindo, E. Atas, A. Altan, D.G. Kuroda, S. Fernandez-Alberti, S. Tretiak, A.E. Roitberg, V.D. Kleiman, "Dynamics of Energy Transfer in a Conjugated Dendrimer Driven by Ultrafast Localization of Excitations", J. Am. Chem. Soc. (journal cover page) 137, 11637-1644 (2015).

PDF file [2.8Mb]

Journal cover page: PDF file [500K]

Non-radiative relaxation in excited state dynamics

Illustration of the wavepacket evolution in the adiabatic ground (top) or first excited (middle) state, and non-adiabatic excited state dynamics sampling multiple states (bottom) in a conjugated oligomer at room (left) and low (right) temperatures. For more details see:

 

T. Nelson, S. Fernandez-Alberti, A. E. Roitberg, and S. Tretiak, Nonadiabatic Excited-State Molecular Dynamics: Modeling photophysics in organic conjugated materials”, Acc. Chem. Res., 47, 1155 - 1164 (2014).

PDF file [4Mb]

Through-bond and through-space energy transfer in bodipy dendrimer

new_1288_01_03_timed1

Evolution of the transition density (aka excited state wavefunction) after absorption of the light-quantum modeled with the NA-ESMD code illustrating an interplay of through-bond and through-space energy transfer in a conjugated bodipy dendrimer.

Excitonic dynamics on a circle

movie-0270

Evolution of the transition density (aka excited state wavefunction) after absorption of the light-quantum modeled with the NA-ESMD code illustrating excitonic dynamics on a cycloparaphenylene ring during internal conversion. For more details see:

 

L. Adamska, I. Nayyar, N. Oldani, S. Fernandez-Alberti, H. Chen, A. K. Swan, S. K. Doorn, and S. Tretiak,, ”Self-trapping of excitons, violation of Condon approximation and efficient fluorescence in conjugated cycloparaphenylenes”, Nano Lett., 14, 6539 - 6546 (2014).

PDF file [3.4Mb]

Dynamics of electrons and holes in semiconducting quantum dots

Top: Simulated dynamics of photoexcited electron and hole wavepackets during 1 ps non-radiative (intraband) ralaxation dynamics in a small ligated CdSe cluster. Bottom: concomitant vibrational (phonon) motions are particularly pronounced on the ligands. For more details see:

 

J. Liu, S. Kilina, S. Tretiak, and O.V. Prezhdo, Ligands Slow Down Pure-Dephasing in Semiconductor Quantum Dots”, ACS Nano, 9, 9106 - 9116 (2015).

PDF file [3Mb]

S. Kilina, K. Velizhanin, S. Ivanov, O. V. Prezhdo and S. Tretiak, ”Surface ligands increase photoexcitation relaxation rates in CdSe quantum dots”, ACS Nano, 6, 6515 - 6524 (2012).

PDF file [2.8Mb]

Photochemistry of optically active energetic materials

After optical excitation, vibronic dynamics leads to dissociation of NO2 (top) defined by concomitant evolution of the transition density (bottom) in a petrin tetrazine chloride as modeled with the NA-ESMD code, illustrating photochemistry occurring due to conversion of electronic energy into vibrations and bond-breaking. For more details see:

 

M. T. Greenfield, S. D. McGrane, C. A. Bolme, J. A. Bjorgaard, T. R. Nelson, S. Tretiak and R. J. Scharff, ”Photoactive high explosives: linear and nonlinear photochemistry of petrin tetrazine chloride”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 119, 4846 - 4855 (2015).

PDF file [3.3Mb]

Assembly of ordered and disordered interfaces in organic semiconductors

Classical molecular dynamics simulations illustrating formation of ordered (left) and disordered (right) interfaces in organic semiconductors when oligomers of phenylene vinylene are deposited on the molecular crystal of the same material. For more details see:

 

W. Nie, G. Gupta, B.K. Crone, F. Liu, D.L. Smith, P. Ruden, C. Kuo, H. Tsai, H.-L. Wang, H. Li, S. Tretiak, and A.D. Mohite, Interface Design Principles for High Efficiency Organic Semiconductor Devices”, Adv. Sci., 2, 1500024 (2015).

PDF file [1.1Mb]

Foester-like energy transfer between conjugated oligomers

C11_1230_43S2_movie_1fs_150fs

Evolution of the transition density (aka excited state wavefunction) after absorption of the light-quantum modeled with the NA-ESMD code illustrating through-space energy transfer in a coupled conjugated polymer segments. For more details see:

 

T. Nelson, S. Fernandez-Alberti, A.E. Roitberg, S. Tretiak, Conformational Disorder in Energy Transfer: Beyond Forster Theory”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 15, 9245 - 9256 (2013).

PDF file [3.5Mb]

Shishiodoshi-like energy transfer between dendrimer segments

22-3-4-pe-lenta

Evolution of the transition density (aka excited state wavefunction) after absorption of the light-quantum modeled with the NA-ESMD code illustrating a unidirectional sequential (Shishiodoshi-like) energy transfer in a dendrimer. For more details see:

 

S. Fernandez-Alberti, V. D. Kleiman, T. Nelson, S. Tretiak and A. E. Roitberg, Shishiodoshi unidirectional energy transfer mechanism in phenylene ethynylene dendrimers”, J. Chem. Phys., 137, 22A526 (2012).

PDF file [1.4Mb]

Carbon nanotube and DNA

Classical molecular dynamics simulations of the DNA strand wrapping around the single-walled carbon nanotube. For more details see:

 

D.A. Yarotski, S.V. Kilina, A. Talin, S. Tretiak, O.V. Prezhdo, A.V. Balatsky and A.J. Taylor ”Scanning tunneling microscopy of DNA-wrapped carbon nanotubes”, Nano Lett., 9, 12-17 (2009).

Wavepacket passing through conical intersection

Evolution of the wavepacket passing through the conical intersection and separating into several counterparts (red and blue colors) on the different surfaces. For mode details see:

 

A. Piryatinski, M. Stepanov, S. Tretiak, and V. Chernyak, "Semiclassical scattering on conical intersections", Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 223001 (2005).

PDF file [310K]

Photoexcited breathers in conjugated polyenes

The movie shows that upon the photoexcitation, the exciton created is initially delocalized along the entire chain (t=0).  Due to strong electron-phonon coupling an exciton rapidly distorts the lattice in the middle of the chain (t=16 fs) and localizes itself in this region on the timescale of ~20 fs. When an exciton distorts the lattice, dynamical vibrational excitations (phonons) are created, appearing as waves in the bond-length alternation on the edges of the exciton potential well (t=44 fs). The subsequent dynamics can be qualitatively described as following: the phonon "waves" propagate in opposite directions, reflect from the chain ends, and meet in the middle of the chain pulling an exciton out of its well and delocalizing the excitation (e.g. t=100 fs). The exciton, in turn, attempts to localize again, creating more phonons, i.e. the energy is exchanging between electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. This variation of diagonal delocalization is a characteristic "breathing" pattern with period of 34 fs which is not associated with any of the vibrational normal modes (which may be observed in Raman of IR spectra). For mode details see:

 

S. Tretiak, R. L. Martin, A. Saxena, and A. R. Bishop, "Photoexcited breathers in conjugated polyenes: An excited state molecular dynamics study," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 100, 2185 (2003).

PDF file [400K]